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八年级英语上册知识点(Unit 10)

2015-8-31 16:09| 发布者: 电子学生证_新闻| 查看: 2894| 评论: 0

摘要: Unit 10 I’m going to be a basketball player? 词组 1. grow up 长大,成长 2. computer science计算机科学 3. be going to do 表示主观打算、准备或有信心做某事

Unit 10  I’m going to be a basketball player?

词组

1. grow up 长大,成长                            

2. computer science计算机科学

3. be going to do 表示主观打算、准备或有信心做某事

4. computer programmer 电脑程序设计人

5. baseball player 棒球运动员                     

6. take acting lessons上演技课

7. professional basketball player职业篮球运动员 

8. practice basketball练习篮球

9. move somewhere=move to somewhere搬到(不具体的)某一地方

10. sound like 听起来像……

11. part-time 兼职的,full-time 全职的,全日制的

12. a year or two 一两年=one or two years;

   an hour or two=one or two hours一两个小时

a day or two=one or two days一两天

13. my dream job我梦想的工作              

14. what I want to do 我想做的事情

15. somewhere interesting有趣的地方       

16. a reporter for fashion magazine 时装杂志记者

17. save some money 积蓄一些钱,攒钱       

18. at the same time与此同时

19. hold art exhibition举办美术展览        

20. all over the world全世界,世界各地

21. somewhere quiet and beautiful 安静而美丽的地方 

22. send sth. to sb. 将某物发送给某人


Section A

知识要点

1.save及物动词

挽救;拯救

He saved the girl from fire. 他救了那女孩,使她免被烧死。

储蓄;储存(金钱以备后用)

Children should learn to save the money. 孩子们应该学会储蓄。

典型例题:

The doctor tried to ______ his life.

A. make              B. save   C. hold   D. take

答案:B

解析:救命是save one’s life

2.sound like听起来像

sound此处是连系动词,其后往往接形容词、名词或介词短语作表语。

Your idea sounds (like) a good one. 你的主意似乎不错。

sound有类似用法的还有look, smell, taste, feel, seem等。

The singer looks very beautiful. 歌手看上去很漂亮。

典型例题:

 Her voice sounds ______ the singing of birds.

A. as           B. like    C.to        D./

答案:B

解析:固定短语sound like, 所以选B

3. be going to+动词原形

助动词be要随着主语的人称和数的变化而变,动词不定式的符号后必须接动词原形。

注意:一般疑问句是将be动词移到句首,特殊疑问句是将动词be放在疑问词后。

否定句是在be动词后加“not”。

用法:表近期将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要做的事,是一般将来时的一种形式。与这一结构连用的时间状语有:tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week this afternoon (evening)

e.g. Are you going to see Uncle Wang next week?  你下星期打算去看王叔叔吗?

典型例题:

They ______the Science Museum next Saturday.

A. is going to visit           B. are going to visit    C.was going to visit     D. were going to visit

答案:B

解析:根据下个星期六判断是用一般将来时,而主语是他们,用are


Section B

知识要点

1.resolution决心;决心要做之事

She tried to carry out her New Year’s resolution. 她尽力实践新年所下的决心。

Peter often make a resolution to study hard. 彼得经常下决心要努力学习。

典型例题:

Tom often ______ a resolution to stop talking in the class.

A. make              B. carry out   C. hold   D. take

答案:A

解析:下决心去做用make a resolution to do sth.

2.keep 保持……状态,可当系动词。

My doctor told me to eat less and exercise more to keep fit.医生告诉我要少吃多运动保持健康。

Please keep quiet! 请保持安静!

keep也可以当及物动词,后跟名词,代词,动名词做宾语。

Little kids keep asking so many strange questions.小孩子会不断的问许多奇怪的问题。

典型例题:

More exercise can help you______.

A. fit           B. keep fit     C.keep joy            D.keep busy

答案:B

解析:keep fit 保持健康。

3. want后加动词不定式,有两种形式:want to dowant sb to do

She wants to go to Italy. 她想去意大利。

 That man wants a woman to look after him.那位男士需要一位女子照顾他。

Tom wants me to go with him.汤姆希望我同他一道儿去。

典型例题:

They ______the Science Museum next Saturday.

A. is going to visit           B. are going to visit    C.was going to visit     D. were going to visit

答案:B

解析:根据下个星期六判断是用一般将来时,而主语是他们,用are

随堂达标

一、单项选择

1. I’m going to study in a better middle school. I want to _______

A.eat more vegetables              B. get good grades  C. keep fit      D. take acting lessons.

2. Does Jim want ______the first one to get to the top of the mountain

A.to    B.to be    C.being   D.be

3. It's six o'clock nowIt's time______

A.get up              B.got up  C.to get up     D.getting up

4. I love music very much, so I’m going to learn how to ______ an musical instrument .

 A.keep        B.hold     C.play     D.build

5. ______ are you going to study English?

  I study English by reading more.

 A.How              B.When   C.Where         D.What

二、用单词的适当形式填空

1.I want ___________(write) for international magazines when I am older.

2. I am going to work harder __________(save )money.

3. She is going to eat ________(healthy) food than before.

4. He is going to take ______(act )lessons every day.

5. _____there ____________ (be)a welcome party this evening?

三、完成句子

1.I’m going to ______________________________.(学习一门外语)

2.I want ________________________________(组建球队)

3.Some girls are goin gto ________________________________.(多锻炼保持健康)

4.She wants to find a job ____________________. (作为一名外语教师)

5.The students _____________________________________yesterday.(作出新年计划)

四、短文填空

选词填空,有两项多余

live, time, drink, minute, important, eat, necessary, sleep

Three things are ______ for us to keep ______. They are air, water and food. We eat food two or three______ every day. We breathe (呼吸) air continually (不断地) day and night. If a man does not eat any food, he can live for about three weeks; if he is stopped from ______, he can keep alive for about three days, but if he doesn’t breathe, he can keep alive for only about three ______. So we see that breathing is __________ than drinking, and drinking is more important than eating.

五、语法练习

1. Jack is going to _____ a pilot when he grows up.

   A. do     B. have     C. be      D. play

2. I am ______ volleyball tomorrow.

   A. practice     B. going practice    C. going to practice    D. go to practice

3. He is going to buy a new computer when he _____ more money.

   A. has    B. have     C. will have     D. is going to have

4. It _____ like the singing of birds.

   A. listens    B. listens to    C. hears     D. sounds

5. Miss White is going _______ for her summer vacation.

   A. new somewhere     B. somewhere quiet

   C. quiet somewhere   D. some quiet where

6. There are _____ sixty students in our class.

A. on      B. more      C. over     D. past

7. I spent______in finishing  my homework yesterday.

A. one or two hours      B.a hour and two      C. one and a half hours     D. one and two hour

8. There ______ a sports meeting in our school tomorrow.

A. is      B.is going to be      C. be     D. are

9.This music sounds______.

A. good      B.a good plan      C. like good    D. likes a good plan

10. Where ______ Peter______ next week?

A. does;go      B.are;going     C. is;going    D. did;go

23. I’m not sure yet我还没有定下来        

24. the Olympic Games=the Olympics奥运会

25. New Year’s resolutions新年的决心     

26. play an instrument 弹一种乐器

27. get a part-time job找到一份兼职工作   

28. make the soccer team组建足球队

29. get good grades获得好成绩             

30. eat healthier food吃健康的食物

31. get lots of exercise多进行体育锻炼     

32. take guitar lessons上吉他课

33. I really love music我酷爱音乐         

34. sounds interesting听起来很有意思

35. communicate with sb.与某人交流        

36. a foreign language teacher 一份当外语教师的工作

37. keep fit 保持身体健康                 

38. work harder in school 在学校里更努力学习

39. make one’s resolution 表决心         

40. after high school=leave school中学毕业后

41. international magazines 国际杂志社    

42. the exchange students留学生

43. have a welcome party 召开一个欢迎会

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